The European Union has been trying to ensure a market competition in the telecommunication industry in order to boost EU’s competitiveness and enable consumers to obtain high-tech products with an affordable price. In 2005, the acceleration of switchover from analogue to digital broadcasting has been confirmed as one of the EU’s policy objectives . Not only does digital broadcasting improve the quality of audiovisual materials, its more efficient utilization of spectrum could free up spectrum capacity for other uses which will in turn stimulate innovation and growth in the TV and E-communications industries, at the same time providing wider choice of TV and radio channels to audiences .
In accordance with EU’s “competition”, “authorization” and “framework” Directives, the procedures of allocation of digital broadcasting spectrum should be carried out in the basis of open, transparent, objective, non-discriminatory and proportionate criteria. These ensure that the assignment process would lead to the entry of new players capable of enlivening competition in the market and expanding viewer choice .
Here are some cases regarding infringement proceedings launched by the EU against several member states.
Nevertheless, the system of issuing licensing and regulating ownership of public broadcasting services remains in national level.
Press Release (24 May 2005) Commission expects most broadcasting in the EU to be digital by 2010http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/commission-expects-most-broadcasting-eu-be-digital-2010
European Union (2013) COMPETITION ISSUES IN TELEVISION AND BROADCASTING Contribution from the European Union to OECD
European Comission Press Release (24 January 2013) Antitrust: Commission takes Bulgaria to Court over assignment of digital terrestrial broadcasting authorisations
NTU Library (2002)〈第五章我國頻譜資源之管理與分配〉